Install And Configure Nginx, PHP, MySQL On Ubuntu

Nginx is simple webserver yet powerful. It is widely know for stable webserver. If it is well configured, nginx rarely have spike in the cpu load and have low memory consumption. Nginx is known for its stability, rich feature set, simple configuration, and low resource consumption.

In this article i want to share how to install and configure your Ubuntu server to use Nginx as web server, PHP5 support (using fastcgi) and MySQL support.

Install MySQL server

  • Open your ssh terminal.
  • Install MySQL:
    sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

Install and Configure Nginx

  • Still in your ssh terminal.
  • Update your repositories list
    sudo apt-get update
  • Install nginx:
    sudo apt-get install nginx
  • Nginx configuration file is under /etc/nginx/sites-available/default, and it should be change to:
    server {
        listen   80;
        server_name  localhost;
        access_log  /var/log/nginx/localhost.access.log;
    ## Default location
        location / {
            root   /var/www;
            index  index.php;
    ## Images and static content is treated different
        location ~* ^.+.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|xml)$ {
          access_log        off;
          expires           30d;
          root /var/www;
    ## Parse all .php file in the /var/www directory
        location ~ .php$ {
            fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(.*)$;
            fastcgi_pass   backend;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /var/www$fastcgi_script_name;
            include fastcgi_params;
            fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING     $query_string;
            fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD   $request_method;
            fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE     $content_type;
            fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH   $content_length;
            fastcgi_intercept_errors        on;
            fastcgi_ignore_client_abort     off;
            fastcgi_connect_timeout 60;
            fastcgi_send_timeout 180;
            fastcgi_read_timeout 180;
            fastcgi_buffer_size 128k;
            fastcgi_buffers 4 256k;
            fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 256k;
            fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;
    ## Disable viewing .htaccess & .htpassword
        location ~ /.ht {
            deny  all;
    upstream backend {

Install and Configure PHP5 with Fastcgi

  • Install spawn-fcgi with following command:
    sudo apt-get install spawn-fcgi
  • Install PHP:
    sudo apt-get install php5 php5-cli php5-common php5-suhosin php5-cgi php-pear php5-mysql
  • Now let’s write a script which will spawn FastCGI PHP processes on a unix domain socket. We create file create file /usr/sbin/fastcgi-php.
    sudo touch /usr/sbin/fastcgi-php

    then write this into the file:

    /usr/bin/spawn-fcgi -a -p 9000 -u www-data -f /usr/bin/php5-cgi
  • To make it work at startup we need now to create an init script:
    sudo  touch /etc/init.d/init-fastcgi

    Then write the following:

    case "$1" in
          killall -9 php
          killall -9 php
          echo "Usage: php-fastcgi {start|stop|restart}"
          exit 1
    exit $RETVAL

    Give the script execute permission:

    sudo  chmod 755 /etc/init.d/init-fastcgi
    #then run it
    /etc/init.d/init-fastcgi start

    Now let’s start it on boot:

    sudo  update-rc.d init-fastcgi defaults
  • Restart Nginx:
    sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart
  • Test it with phpinfo(). If you see the result now everything is okay, but if you don’t please revise the steps you have done.

PS: this steps work for me on my machine with Ubuntu 10.04 server edition. I’m not guarantee that this will work for you too, but that’s the basic to install Nginx, PHP, MySQL On Ubuntu. If you are not successful maybe you just need to check the configuration to get it working. I cannot get it run in first try. So keep trying, it’s a learning process.

Related article:
[HowTo] Install Apache, PHP, MySQL, and PHPMyAdmin on Ubuntu


  1. dude says:

    I think you need to do a chmod 755 /usr/sbin/fastcgi-php

  2. dude says:

    The script should have PHP_SCRIPT=/usr/sbin/php-fastcgi not PHP_SCRIPT=/usr/bin/php-fastcgi

  3. dude says:

    Actually, that line should be PHP_SCRIPT=/usr/sbin/fastcgi-php

  4. surya says:

    I want to run mysql in terminal (Ubuntu 10.10).
    I have installed lampp.
    i had run the following command.

    apt-get install mysql-client mysql-server.

    when i am giving following command in terminal

    root@arreys-17:~# mysql
    Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.
    Your MySQL connection id is 33
    Server version: 5.0.75-0ubuntu10.5 (Ubuntu)

    Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the buffer.

    mysql> show databases;
    | Database |
    | information_schema |
    | mysql |
    2 rows in set (0.00 sec)


    But i want to access mysql (lampp mysql database and table) in terminal of ubuntu 10.10

    We can do this. If yes please tell me how to do?


  5. You're also going to need some kind of monitoring process to restart the php processes when they fail, such as superivisord. Otherwise you get 502 bad gateway errors from time to time. 

    These pages worked for me:
    In order to do this you'll also need to remove the init-fastcgi file, such as: 

    mv /etc/init.d/init-fastcgi ~

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